Thursday, January 20, 2022
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Spotlight on LPTV EAS Obligations

In December, the FCC’s Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau released its report on the August 11, 2021 Nationwide EAS Test. The report highlighted the low participation rates of LPTV broadcasters. Specifically:

  • Only 47.4% of LPTV broadcasters filed EAS test reports through the FCC’s EAS Test Reporting System (not counting stations authorized to remain silent).
  • LPTV broadcasters accounted for 69.3% of the television broadcasters that were expected to file but failed to do so.
  • Of the LPTV broadcasters that did file test reports, 85.7% successfully received the alert (4.4% less than the rate of all television broadcasters) and 72.4% successfully retransmitted the alert (5.4% less than the rate of all television broadcasters).

The FCC’s EAS rules generally extend to LPTV stations with certain exceptions:

  • Stations that operate as TV translator stations (stations operated for the purpose of retransmitting the programs and signals of a television broadcast station, without significantly altering any characteristic of the original signal other than its frequency and amplitude) are exempt.

  • In addition, stations that operate as satellites or repeaters of a hub station (or common studio or control point if there is no hub station) and rebroadcast 100 percent of the programming of the hub station (or common studio or control point) may rely on a single set of EAS equipment at the hub station.

Section 11.51 of the FCC’s rules requires analog and digital broadcast stations to “transmit, either automatically or manually, national level EAS messages and required tests by sending the EAS header codes, Attention Signal, emergency message and End of Message (EOM) codes using the EAS Protocol.” EAS Participants should monitor two EAS sources in accordance with their State EAS Plan and interrupt normal programming when they receive an EAS code for Emergency Action Notification (EAN), the National Periodic Test (NPT), or the Required Monthly Test (RMT) for their State or State/county location. LPTV stations are not, however, required to have equipment capable of generating the EAS codes and Attention Signal.

EAS Participants are required to participate in national tests and to log their results into the EAS Test Reporting System.

As many LPTV broadcasters continue the process of building out their construction permits and/or transitioning to digital, we suspect that there may be many inaccuracies in the FCC’s data.

To help us better understand the issues facing LPTV stations and advocate on your behalf, please let us know:

(1) if you filed EAS test reports for all of your stations;

(2) if not, why not; and

(3) if there are any issues unique to EAS on your stations we should be aware of.

You can provide this information to us at We intend to compile the information we receive on an aggregate basis, and we will never identify individual respondents without your permission.

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The Value of Setting Meaningful Goals for the Entrepreneur

When it comes to achieving your goals, one of the most important steps is setting meaningful goals. Instead of making vague resolutions like "eat healthier" or "spend less money," choose specific behaviors that are aligned with your values, and you'll be more likely to succeed.

Setting meaningful goals is something that can be difficult for many people to do. They may not know what kind of goals they want, or how to set them. Sometimes they are too afraid to even set goals because they don’t want to disappoint themselves if they don’t achieve them.

Look Beyond Business: What work/life balance do you want to have?

If you want to be motivated to achieve your goals, you must first dive into the reasons why. You need to ask yourself "why" so many times that it becomes ingrained in your mind. If you are struggling to find the "why," try asking yourself these questions: Why do I want this? What will happen if I don't have this goal? What would I look like if I achieved this goal?

Consider goals around family, community life, service, spirituality and fitness. Once you have found your "why," then you can develop a plan of action. Think about what’s important to you.

What to Know About Different Types of Goals

Short-Term Goals: These include any type of goal that has a minimal time frame and is often used to help you stay motivated.

Lifestyle Goals: These are personal goals that typically require more effort or longer periods of time to accomplish. They represent changes in your lifestyle and may be related to hobby, fitness, culinary, etc.

Medium-Term Goals: This type of goal can take as long as six months to accomplish and is more about self-improvement. These goals might become the foundation for you to build upon and help you reach your life ambitions.

Long-Term Goals: This type of goal typically entails a change in your life like moving across the country, getting married or starting a new business.

Best Practices in Goal Setting

Setting meaningful goals is not just about the goal itself, but also the process that leads to it. For example, there are many benefits to setting incremental goals and celebrating your achievements along the way. The easiest way to set incremental goals is by doing a monthly review of your progress. You can also break down weekly or daily tasks into smaller, manageable ones that add up to the larger goal.

Get it Done!

Setting goals doesn’t have to feel like a chore! Let yourself dream. Imagine your best, most satisfying life. What do you do each day? What would your perfect day be like? What are you feeling? Who are you with? These are your inspirational goals.

Then, determine specific actions you can take that will lead you to these goals.

Lastly, follow your plan and enjoy the results!

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Key ATSC 3.0 Technologies Selected by Brazil for Its Next-generation Digital TV Standard

WASHINGTON--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) announced today that the Fórum Sistema Brasileiro TV Digital Terrestre (SBTVD Forum) has recommended to the Brazilian government the selection of several technologies proposed by ATSC for Brazil’s next-generation terrestrial digital television standard.

The ATSC 3.0 elements selected by the SBTVD Forum, and others still under consideration, are all proven technologies in the ATSC 3.0 suite of standards – the world’s first IP-based system that marries broadband and broadcast – already being implemented in South Korea and the United States and coming soon to Jamaica.

“ATSC commends SBTVD Forum for its very well-organized process of developing Brazil’s TV 3.0 system,” said ATSC President Madeleine Noland. “Over the past decade ATSC members developed the ATSC 3.0 system, and I am extremely proud that after rigorous testing and evaluation in Brazil, many elements of ATSC’s state-of-the-art terrestrial broadcast system have been selected. ATSC is ready to support SBTVD Forum as it applies these technologies to Brazil’s unique needs.” Noland also congratulated the ATSC IT-4 Brazil Implementation Team. “IT-4 members have been diligently supporting ATSC technologies throughout the process and will continue their efforts in the upcoming phases of the SBTVD evaluation process.”

The SBTVD Forum is a non-profit organization of private and public companies responsible for digital TV deployment in Brazil. It makes recommendations to the Brazilian Ministry of Communications for inclusion in the “TV 3.0 Project,” which is the Forum’s title for Brazil’s next generation of digital TV, including both over-the-air broadcast and over-the-top broadband components. The recommendations are the result of a Call for Proposals and subsequent testing and evaluations conducted by the Forum since the start of the TV 3.0 Project in July 2020.

While development of “TV 3.0” specifications and some additional testing will continue over the course of the next two years, decisions made thus far selected five key technologies proposed by ATSC for both the broadcast and broadband components of the “TV 3.0” system:

  1. ROUTE/DASH Transport
  2. MPEG-H Audio
  3. IMSC1 Captions
  4. HDR10 Video High Dynamic Range EOTF (with optional dynamic HDR metadata based on SMPTE ST 2094-10 and SMPTE ST 2094-40)
  5. ATSC 3.0 Advanced Emergency Alerting

Additional technologies proposed by ATSC were selected specifically for the TV 3.0 broadband component:

  • H.265/HEVC Video Base Layer Encoding
  • HLG Video High Dynamic Range EOTF (optional)
  • SL-HDR1 High Dynamic Range delivery (optional)
  • AC-4 Audio (optional)

Brazil plans to begin deployment of its TV 3.0 system in 2024. A complete description of the TV 3.0 Project is available at It includes the recommendation that testing and evaluation will continue in 2022-23 on the over-the-air Physical Layer and portions of the Application Coding (i.e., interactive) elements of the TV 3.0 system. ATSC’s proposals for ATSC 3.0 Physical Layer and ATSC 3.0 Interactive Content systems remain among those to be further evaluated.

Skip Pizzi, Chair of ATSC’s Brazil Implementation Team, also welcomed the news, noting that “the Implementation Team is a collaborative effort of 15 ATSC member companies and others, and we are thrilled by the SBTVD Forum’s decisions to adopt so many ATSC-proposed technologies. We congratulate the Forum on its progress and look forward to our continuing collaboration in the next phase of TV 3.0 development.”

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Maurice Bailey Grabs A LPTV From DTV America

It’s controlled by HC2 Broadcasting but continues to have stations in its stable licensed to the entity it has majority control over, DTV America.

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Gray Adds A LPTV Property on Fla. Panhandle

From Hurricane Michael to violations of the FCC’s TV issues and programs rules, Gray Television has seen much in the last several years at its WJHG-7 and WECP-LP 18 in Panama City Beach, Fla.


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